Indian spacecraft enters Mars orbit, makes history
“The spacecraft (Orbiter) successfully entered into the Martian orbit at 515 km away from the red planet’s surface and 215 million km away from the earth in radio distance,” a senior space official said at the mission’s control centre in Banglore.
The Mars orbit insertion began in the early hours at 4.17 am when the spacecraft switched over to the medium gain antenna for emitting and receiving radio signals.
After rotating the Orbiter in the direction of Mars at 6.57 am, the main engine was ignited at 7.17 am to enable the spacecraft enter the Martian orbit.
During the crucial operation, when an eclipse occurred on Mars from 7.12 am, the 440 Newton Liquid Apogee Motor (LAM) of the main engine started burning at 7.30 am and lasted for 24 minutes till 7.54 am for inserting the spacecraft into the Martian orbit.
“Radars at the four earth stations across the US, Europe, India and Australia received the signal confirming the successful insertion of the spacecraft into the Martian orbit,” the official said.